Tony Donk was 61 when he was diagnosed with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, a subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in May 2016. He went through a needle biopsy, a minor surgery, and many scans, but no chemotherapy or radiation. Tony chose to take a chemo pill instead. Here's how his life has been since diagnosis.
Name: Tony Donk
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLLL)
Lump in back of neck that got bigger in a couple weeks
Infection (misdiagnosed twice)
Chemo pill (Imbruvica)
Take three pills a night
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What were the first symptoms and red flags?
Over the Christmas and New Year holiday period I felt a lump in the back of my neck. I thought this was a muscle knot and kept trying to rub it out. It got bigger. I made an appointment with the doctor in early January of 2016. I was told it was probably an infection that had caused a lymph node to enlarge and nothing to worry about.
However, it didn't go away. About three weeks later I met with another doctor, as I discovered another lump. Neither of these doctors were my primary care physician; he was unavailable. So I met with two of his partners for these appointments. Since this new lump was lower than the first one, it was assumed that it was still an infection as a lower lump would imply that the infection was traveling down my body. At that point I was prescribed an antibiotic and also given a precautionary blood test, and eventually told that it had ruled out any invasive cancers. I decided I was just being neurotic and tried to just wait for the infection to play itself out. It didn’t.
How did you finally get diagnosed?
I made another appointment in mid-March and was able to meet with my primary care physician. He suggested it was time for me to meet with an ENT (ear, nose, throat) and referred me to one he had worked with often.
In early April I met with the ENT. He did a needle biopsy which he told me would not really be conclusive. He told me essentially it would let me know if there was a change I had it but it could just as easily be incorrect. So he did the needle biopsy and about a week later, I went in to go see him for the results.
It was so much better than all these other possibilities. So I left that appointment feeling highly anxious but really mixed. So I saw another ENT shortly after that just to get a confirmation and make sure we were on the right track. He confirmed it was CLL.
I was next scheduled for surgery to remove one of the lymph nodes, as well as some other tissue. One week later on May 5, 2016, the results were in and I was diagnosed with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) - a form of non-Hodgkin's.
How were you feeling after diagnosis?
People often describe these things as a journey or a rollercoaster ride of emotions. Those didn’t seem to work for me. I was not going on a trip and there were no thrills involved. Honestly, it just sucked. Sometimes I'd be angry, or numb, or beyond sad, and other times optimistic.
My wife had breast cancer about ten years ago and she went to the same center. We both walked into that meeting thinking okay, they’re going to tell us what the treatment is. Get into treatment and it won’t be fun but then the cancer will be gone. We’ll go back to sort of “life as we know it currently.” But when we got into the meeting and she was explaining it to me, CLL does not currently have a cure. It’s very receptive to treatment for the vast majority of people so she helped me understand that, that we weren’t going to go in, do some chemo, and everything was going to fun. I don’t mean that in a light way but I was hoping for a beginning and ending point. This currently doesn’t have that way of thinking about it.
Getting adjusted to the idea that I will likely have this the rest of my life. Obviously there’s lots of research that’s being done so that could change. In two years we could be looking at a completely different scenario. But it’s not two years from now, so when [my oncologist] was telling me this I was asking her about the treatment potential. At that point she had not done most of her tests, CAT scans and all the other kinds of things that needed to be done. Essentially she laid it out as I would have a couple options for treatment. Those would hopefully kick the CLL into remission and that would be for an indefinite period of time. Then when it came back, when the symptoms started to reappear, I would go through treatment again. Those intervals, the remissions would become shorter. But she also said it’s harder to know what that means. Some people go into remission for years. Some people go into remission for shorter periods of time.
The good fortune that I have is my wife has been through this experience of cancer.Being a survivor she continues to live with the fact that she had cancer and none of us are promised a complete cure. So she’s had a lot more time to think through all of those things. She goes in for the anxious breast exams and all of those kinds of things. So that was really helpful. She really helped me to scale it back so I didn’t go completely off the edge of the cliff and try to stay as focused as I could at trying to figure out what the next steps were.
If there’s a short answer to your question, it was horrible. I don’t know how else to describe it. I don’t know that it’s ever a part of anyone’s game plan but it was definitely not part of my game plan.
Describe each test and biopsy you experienced
APRIL 2016: Needle biopsy, surgical removal of lymph node
APRIL 2017: MRI
JULY 2017: PET scan, bone marrow extraction
AUG 2017: EKG
OCT 2017: CT scan
DEC 2017: EKG
JAN 2018: EKG
On-going - Blood tests weekly for awhile and then monthly
Most of the tests were non-invasive and pain-free. The bone marrow extraction sounds awful, but it was done at the medical center and I never felt anything despite being awake throughout the procedure. I didn’t have much of an issue with the MRI’s, but was a bit concerned about the confined space and did take Xanax before each one. I was surprised that for one of the MRI’s they put a kind of cage over my face (oddly Hannibal Lector-ish!) because I couldn’t move my head. I would have appreciated knowing that ahead of time but it wasn’t really a big deal.
How did you choose hospitals?
I went to Lacks Cancer Center for two reasons. Most importantly, it provides coordinated care. I typically go in and have blood tests and then see my oncologist about 20 minutes later. She already has my test results by the time we meet. They also have a pharmacy, social workers, a mental health therapist, etc.
The other reason I elected to go to Lacks is because they are a research center and they coordinate with a number of other cancer centers.
Did you go to a smaller or biggest hospital? What did you like about it?
Lacks is not a huge medical center, but large enough to offer nearly all the services I need.
I can’t stress enough how much the coordinated care at Lacks has been helpful. I have friends who have not utilized this kind of a center and they have to deal with the added stress of setting up and coordinating doctor visits and tests on their own. It may not sound like a big deal but it is. At Lacks my doctors talk to each other and the staff do everything they can to make an already overwhelming situation as manageable as possible. I can’t say enough about them and wish that everyone had this option.
How was your medical team?
In a word: AMAZING.
What treatment regimen did you undergo?
I had two options:
I could do several sessions of chemo and immunotherapy to push the CLL into remission. My oncologist did tell me that this would be intense and I would have to stop working throughout the treatments.
The second option (which I elected) was to begin taking a chemo medication called Imbruvica. I take three capsules per night and will continue to take this until it no longer works. In both cases, the remission period is indefinite, so I decided to start with the less potentially debilitating medication route. I should note here that there are a number of criteria you have to meet to qualify for using Imbruvica (hence the bone marrow extraction) but I qualified. In August I will have been on this medication for one year.
What was week one of the chemo pill like?
Looking at the list of potential side effects for Imbruvica is a bit overwhelming. Thus far, I have been fortunate and have not experienced many side effects. Recently I started taking a medication to lower my blood pressure as elevated blood pressure can be a side effect. I also bruise and bleed more easily, but not really very problematic.
Did the weeks get better or worse?
When you take Imbruvica, your blood has to be checked weekly for a fairly long period. It was explained to me that as the medication attacks the cancer cells in my blood this impacts the white cells, etc. Mine continued to improve and are currently at normal levels.
When I was not feeling as great, it was usually one of two things. My bones were aching or I was nauseous. The latter was the biggest pain. It turns out that I have a lot of enlarged lymph nodes in the trunk of my body. Add to that the “fatty liver” fun and you get nausea.
II. QUALITY OF LIFE
Describe the wait time for test/scan results
One of the advantages of the coordinated care I receive at Lacks Cancer Center is a very fast turn around on most tests including MRI's, etc. I had the usual nerves while waiting for results, but the folks at Lacks were great about trying to get information to me as quickly as possible, and I can also call them at any time with any questions without feeling like I’m being neurotic!
Please describe any hair loss
I’m 63 and was already have experienced a receding hairline. I have noticed more loss, but not really anything worth worrying about.
How is dealing with the "watch and wait" approach?
My first year was monitoring without treatment - “watchful waiting.” On the one hand, I was happy not to have to start any treatments. On the other, I was often anxious about when things would change and I would begin treatment to the point where it felt obsessive.
My medical team was amazing at helping me to understand what was going on with my body/ cancer and that was helpful. Lacks also has a therapist who only works with oncology patients. I found that meeting with him was invaluable.
Were there any big surprises during treatment?
This shouldn’t have been a surprise, but it was. My body no longer responds to some things the way it used to. For example, I am more susceptible to infections and viruses. In December of 2017, I got an ear infection (as far as I know, my first ever) and in one day it got so bad that I had to go to the doctor’s, but it was too little, too late. My eardrum ruptured and it took nearly a month to get everything healed.
On another occasion this past fall, I got food poisoning. I looked up the typical duration, etc. and just tried to stay hydrated. Bad idea. In fact, just about everywhere you look at Lacks, there are signs indicating that at the first sign of illness I should contact them. I didn’t. I ended up being extremely dehydrated in just a few days and had to go into Lacks to be hooked up and hydrated.
What helped you manage your emotions and thoughts?
As noted above, Lacks has a therapist available who only works with oncology patients. He has been amazing for gauging how I have been handling things emotionally based on his experience with other patients. He also helps me with strategies for managing my emotions, promoting good mental health, etc.
I also started writing a blog about my experiences. Doing so was both cathartic and it gave me a venue that gave people a way to talk with me about cancer. I have found this really helpful - as most of us don’t know what to say in these type of situations. When people don’t talk about your cancer with you, it can get very lonely.
Sometimes people ask about my use of humor regarding my experiences with cancer. Here’s what I think: Cancer can steal a lot from you - peace of mind, a sense of healthiness, etc. But at some level I have to maintain some control. Humor has always been my best defense and I have no intention of allowing cancer to control it. Don’t be fooled though. I hate cancer. Having it sucks. It scares me. It makes me beyond sad and angry at times. But I have to take control where and when I can. So sometimes I laugh.
What got you through the toughest times?
See above and add: Family, Friends, and the kindness of others.
It [was filled with weeks] of emotional highs and lows. I suspected that would be the case for some time. I was not sure I’d ever felt so loved and cared for by so many people. So many notes, texts, phone calls, etc. of support. One thing I have discovered is that I have to take a break from thinking about cancer at times.
Were there moments you had to advocate for yourself in and out of treatment?
Initially, my doctors followed all of the recommended protocols for responding to my symptoms. What didn’t happen was follow up. I initiated most of those. It made me feel a bit like I was being neurotic by calling for appointments. The lesson I learned, even if you have great doctors, you have to advocate for yourself and listen to your body.
Could you work through treatment?
How was the financial aspect of dealing with treatment?
I am thankful everyday for great insurance. Additionally, the social worker at the Lacks Center completed paperwork that reduced the enormous costs of the medication I am taking daily.
How did you break the news to your children?
When my wife was diagnosed with breast cancer (ten years ago), we were at Lacks Cancer Center and they had a whole team of people who met with us including a social worker. I think I was, it was fair to say, fairly nearly hysterical at that point. My wife was actually handling it better than I was.
Our kids were very young but the thing she said is what kids and young adults or anybody in your life fears is what you’re not telling them. That you’re hiding something. We were honest. My wife brought both of the kids one at a time to sessions where she was getting radiation. The technicians showed them how it would work, all of those kinds of things. When we told the kids about my cancer diagnosis, my kids are older. It was oddly enough equally difficult and in some ways, it was a different kind of level of difficulty because they were adults.
How important is it to have caregivers?
Essential. My wife or another family member has gone to every appointment and medical test with me. In addition to providing emotional support, having someone else at an appointment allows you to have another set of ears. I am often too emotionally involved/ anxious and I either misinterpret what is being said or miss it all together.
What’s your advice to others who are just now getting diagnosed?
I was often told I had the “good cancer.” I don’t even know what that means. True, CLL is often very responsive to treatment, but it is not currently curable. Take it seriously and do everything you can think of to keep yourself healthy mentally, physically, and emotionally. Be prepared to make adjustments. (I now buy flight insurance in case I end up not being able to take the trip I was planning on due to medical changes, etc.